County Demographics


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History of Gallatin County

Gallatin County is located in south central Montana as shown in Map 2.1. According to the US Census data, Gallatin County has a 2016 estimated population of 104,502 and an area of 2,631 square miles. Within Gallatin County, 45,250 of the residents live within the city limits of Bozeman covering approximately 13 square miles. The City of Belgrade has a population of 8254, The Town of West Yellowstone is around 1353, the Town Of Manhattan, 1691, and the City of Three Forks at 1944. Two other significant areas of population density exist in unincorporated areas, Big Sky with a resident population of 2767 and Four Corners coming in around 3406.

Gallatin County offers a wide variety of sights and outdoor activities including hunting, fishing, cross country skiing, swimming in hot springs, horse back riding, and camping trips. Wildlife abounds throughout the county. Bozeman, the county seat, is also known as one of the gateway communities to Yellowstone National Park. Major scenic roadways include U.S. Highway 191 from Belgrade south to West Yellowstone. Interstate 90 runs through Gallatin County from 10 miles west of Bozeman to Three Forks and runs parallel to the tracks that once carried hundreds of passengers on the Northern Pacific Railroad. Of course, the scenic and well traveled roadways also include access to many other less traveled portions of the county.

The Gallatin River flows through Gallatin County from the top of the Gallatin Canyon through Belgrade and on to Manhattan and Three Forks where it flows into the headwaters of the Missouri River. Gallatin County is bordered by Meagher County to the north, Park County to the east, Jefferson and Broadwater Counties to the west and Yellowstone Park to the south. The elevation ranges from approximately 4,000 to 10,700 feet.

Much of the Yellowstone River basin was inhabited by the Crow Indians until the expedition of Lewis and Clark traveled through in the early 1800’s. In the decades that followed, the region was explored by trappers, gold diggers, and early settlers. Yellowstone National Park became the nation’s first national park in 1872. The Northern Pacific Railroad, completed in the 1880’s, increased the population in Gallatin County from 1880 to 1890. Steady growth has brought the population to what it is today.

Climate of Gallatin County

The climate of Gallatin County varies greatly. Table 2.2 shows the variations between four stations in the county. Figure 2.3 shows when the precipitation typically falls during the year.

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Gallatin County covers over 2,500 square miles of mountain lands varying in topography and climate from temperate river valleys to snow-capped peaks and open ranch lands. Nearly half of all the land in Gallatin County is under public ownership by the Gallatin National Forest, State of Montana, Bureau of Land Management or the National Park Service.

 

Gallatin County is large and diverse, featuring everything from the spectacular scenery of Yellowstone National Park (our first National Park) to lush farmland, and a growing economy of high-tech industries. Skiers, outdoor enthusiasts, wildlife watchers, mothers and fathers, business owners, vacationers, ranchers, retirees, students and many others have grown to love Gallatin County’s boundless opportunities.

 

The mountainous terrain of Gallatin County, ranging in elevation from approximately 4,000 feet to 10,700 feet (Wilson Peak), and its proximity to an active volcanic caldera, also presents geologic and terrain related hazards. The mountainous forests can spark large wildfires, and occasionally avalanches and landslides, while the active seismic area to the south makes Gallatin County prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. These hazards are all formidable problems in Gallatin County.

 

Despite its natural beauty, man made hazards also exist in Gallatin County. The major US interstate, active railways, airports, and fixed facilities put Gallatin County at risk for transportation accidents and hazardous material releases. Dam failure, utility outages, terrorism, civil unrest, violence, communicable disease, bio-terrorism, and urban fire all have the potential to affect Gallatin County.

 

Gallatin County Population

PEOPLE
Population  Gallatin Montana
Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016) 104,502 1,042,520
Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 100,739 1,032,949
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016) 89,513 989,414
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2015) 89,513 989,417
Population, percent change – April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016) 16.7% 5.4%
Population, percent change – April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2015, (V2015) 12.5% 4.4%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 89,513 989,415
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 5.8% 6.0%
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 2010 6.4% 6.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 20.3% 21.9%
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 2010 20.9% 22.6%
Persons 65 years and over, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 11.6% 17.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 2010 9.5% 14.8%
Female persons, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 48.6% 49.7%
Female persons, percent, April 1, 2010 48.1% 49.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015)(a) 95.1% 89.2%
White alone, percent, April 1, 2010(a) 95.1% 89.4%
Black or African American alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015)(a) 0.5% 0.6%
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 2010(a) 0.3% 0.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015)(a) 1.1% 6.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 2010(a) 0.9% 6.3%
Asian alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015)(a) 1.4% 0.8%
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 2010(a) 1.1% 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015)(a) 0.1% 0.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010(a) 0.1% 0.1%
Two or More Races, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 1.9% 2.7%
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 2010 1.9% 2.5%
Hispanic or Latino, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015)(b) 3.3% 3.6%
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010(b) 2.8% 2.9%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, July 1, 2015, (V2015) 92.2% 86.5%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 93.3% 87.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015 5,833 90,000
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-2015 2.9% 2.1%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2016, (V2016) 47,345 497,756
Housing units, April 1, 2010 42,289 482,825
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-2015 61.5% 67.2%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015 $271,500 $193,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-2015 $1,572 $1,294
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015 $461 $387
Median gross rent, 2011-2015 $876 $711
Building permits, 2016 1,550 4,781
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-2015 38,292 409,394
Persons per household, 2011-2015 2.39 2.41
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-2015 76.6% 83.6%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-2015 4.0% 4.1%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-2015 96.7% 92.8%
Bachelor’s degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-2015 48.0% 29.5%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-2015 5.4% 9.1%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent

11.2%

14.0%

Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-2015 72.0% 63.6%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-2015 67.6% 59.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 348,072 2,420,455
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 437,473 6,469,475
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 491,046 11,535,236
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 600,704 12,645,824
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 1,710,262 15,623,573
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $18,467 $15,544
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-2015 17.5 18.1
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-2015 $55,553 $47,169
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-2015 $30,293 $26,381
Persons in poverty, percent

10.9%

14.6%

BUSINESSES
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2015 5,275 37,2701
Total employment, 2015 43,091 375,0411
Total annual payroll, 2015 ($1,000) 1,616,593 14,227,0651
Total employment, percent change, 2014-2015 3.5% 3.1%1
Total nonemployer establishments, 2015 12,078 86,969
All firms, 2012 14,905 112,419
Men-owned firms, 2012 7,897 55,913
Women-owned firms, 2012 4,320 35,449
Minority-owned firms, 2012 515 5,578
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 13,729 102,746
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 1,455 11,486
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 12,429 93,393
GEOGRAPHY
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 34.4 6.8
Land area in square miles, 2010 2,602.69 145,545.80
FIPS Code 30031 30


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Gallatin County Map